So, having dried my tears and ordered a couple of replacement nucs from a local bee breeder, I'll be making some adjustments to my wintering practices next time. It appears from the honey on the bottom boards that the colonies fell victim to perhaps their biggest wintering threat -- condensation.
One change I'll make is to place moisture wicking material on a screen directly over the top frames. Another change will be to allow more ventilation at the bottom entrance.
|Too clean and too quiet.|
|Drips on the bottom boards -- a very bad sign.|
|Near the beeyard, a bluebird house awaits spring arrivals.|
|Indoor livestock Henry (left) and Ellie Mae|
wearing lookalike white bibs.